A. General Information
Shares (stocks) is one of the most popular financial instruments. Issuing stock is one of the choices for company’s funding. Moreover, stock is investors' most favourite investment instrument because it offers them an interesting return rate.
Stock can be defined as a sign of capital participation of an individual or institution in a company or corporation. By investing in a company, the party has the claim for the company’s income, assets, and right to attend the General Meeting of Shareholders.
Basically, there are two benefits the investor can get by buying or having stock:
Dividend is profit sharing given by company and comes from the income. Dividend is given after getting the agreement from shareholders in the General Meeting. If an investor wants to receive dividend, he/she must own the stock for a relatively long period, until the ownership term is in the period where he/she is acknowledged as the shareholder who has the right to obtain the dividend.
Capital gain is the different between buying price and selling price. Capital gain is obtained through the trading activities carried out in the secondary market. For example, an investor buys ABC’s shares at Rp 3,000 per share and then sells it at Rp 3,500 per share. It means the investor gets capital gain of Rp 500 for every sold share.
As investment instrument, stock has risks:
It is the reverse of Capital Gain. It is a condition when the investor sells his/her shares at lower price than its buying price. For instance, PT XYZ’s shares are bought at Rp 2,000 per share, but aftermath the stock price experiences decrease to the level of Rp 1,400 per share. Afraid of continuous declines, the investor sells the shares at price of Rp 1.400. The investor has retain a capital loss of Rp 600 per share.
A company, whose shares are owned by public, is stated for bankruptcy by the Court or is being dismissed. In this case, the claiming rights of shareholders get the last priority after all the company’s liabilities are settled (by gathering the fund from selling the company’s assets). If there is an amount of rest of the company’s wealth, it will be shared proportionally to the shareholders. But, if there is no rest left, the shareholders will not receive anything out of the liquidation. This is the worst condition that might happen to shareholders. For that reason, a shareholder needs to observe every development in the company, which shares are owned.
In secondary market or daily shares trading activities, stock prices fluctuate, either increase or decrease. Prices are formed from the demand and supply of the stock. In other words, prices are formed by supply and demand. Supply and demand are influenced by many factors, either by specific factors such as the company and industry’s performance where the stocks exist or macro factors such as the interest rate, inflation, currency rate, and non-economical factors like social and political conditions, and so on.
B. Sector and Sub Sector Classification
There is 9 sectors at IDX, that is:
- Animal Husbandary
- Coal Mining
- Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Production
- Metal and Mineral Mining
- Land / Stone Quarrying
- Basic industry & chemicals
- Ceramics, Glass, Porcelain
- Metal And Allied Products
- Plastics and Packaging
- Animal Feed
- Wood Industries
- Pulp and Paper
- Miscellaneous industry
- Machinery And Heavy Equipment
- Automotive and Components
- Textile, Garment
- Consumer goods industry
- Food And Beverages
- Tobacco Manufacturers
- Cosmetics and Household
- Property, real estate, and building construction
- Property and Real Estate
- Building Construction
- Infrastructure, utility, and transportation
- Toll Road, Airport, Harbor and Allied Products
- Non Building Construction
- Financial Institution
- Securities Company
- Trade, service, and investment
- Retail Trade
- Restaurant, Hotel and Tourism
- Advertising, Printing & Media
- Computer And Services
- Investment Company
Click here for more information about List of Stock sector.
C. Listing Board
Prospective listed company can register its shares on Main Board, Development Board and Acceleration Board:
D. Acceleration Board
Acceleration Board is a Record Board provided to register shares of Issuers with Small-Scale Assets or Issuers with Middle-Scale Assets as referred to OJK Regulation Number 53 / POJK.04 / 2017 regarding the Registration Statements in the Context of Public Offering and Capital Additions by Giving Rights Pre-emptive Securities By Issuers With Small-Scale Assets Or Issuers With Middle-Scale Assets has not been able to meet the requirements in the Development Board. The Acceleration Board Registration Regulations are imposed by the IDX on July 22, 2019.
1. Establishment of OJK Regulations Related to Public Offering for Issuers with Small or Medium Scale Assets
In 2017 the OJK has enacted POJK Number 53 / POJK.04 / 2017 concerning Registration Statements for Public Offering and Capital Additions by Giving Pre-emptive Rights by Issuers with Small-Scale Assets or Issuers with Medium-Scale Assets.
2. Characteristics of Companies with Small and Medium Scale Assets
Companies with Small and Medium Scale Assets have their own characteristics, so they need to be specifically regulated both from the aspect of requirements, obligations and sanctions.
Target of Listed Companies on the Acceleration Board
Target of listed companies on the acceleration board is companies with small or medium scale assets which the categorization is regulated in POJK/Number 53/POJK.04/2014.
The benefits of Acceleration Board are as follows:
Listing Terms and Conditions
In addition to the Main Board and Development Board, currently the prospective listed company can register its shares on the Acceleration Board. Here are some of the conveniences to be noted on the Acceleration Board compared to the Main Board and Development Board.
* Net Intangible Assets: Total Assets reduced by Intangible Assets, Deferred Tax Assets, Total Liabilities and Non-Controlling Interests
Other requirements that must be fulfilled by Listed Companies which are regulated through OJK Regulations
Indonesia Stock Exchange sets a lower recording fee for listing on the Acceleration Board:
Movement on Boards
Listed company on the Acceleration Board will move to the Development Board or Main Board at the consideration of the Exchange, when:
- Already Comply with Listing requirements in the Development Board or Main Board and;
- Does not comply with the criteria of companies of small and medium scale assets according to POJK 53.
For more information about the Acceleration Board Listing Regulations can be downloaded here and the terms of the listing board on the IDX can be seen here.